Pending Home Sales Rise to Highest Level in a Year

By Published On: November 20th, 20237.6 min read
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New listings were near their six-month high in October, helping drive an increase in pending sales, though buyers backed out of deals at the highest rate on record. The recent drop in mortgage rates could give sales another boost in November.

U.S. pending home sales rose 1% month over month in October to the highest level in a year on a seasonally adjusted basis. They fell 4.8% from a year earlier, but that’s the smallest annual decline in almost two years.

Pending sales have been ticking up for several reasons: 

  • The supply crunch has eased slightly, giving buyers more options to choose from. The more homes there are on the market, the more can sell. New listings in October were comparable with September’s level, which was the highest in six months on a seasonally adjusted basis. They fell 4.5% from a year earlier, but that’s the smallest decline since summer 2022. Active listings, the total number of homes for sale, rose 1.4% month over month to the highest level since May and were down 12.5% from a year earlier—the smallest decline in four months.
  • Sellers are cutting prices and offering concessions to entice buyers. Roughly 1 in 5 (20.8%) homes that sold in October had a price drop, just shy of the 21.6% record high hit a year earlier. More than one-third of sellers are offering concessions, which can include money for repairs, closing costs and/or mortgage-rate buydowns.
  • People have to move, even when it’s expensive to do so. Many house hunters have been on the sidelines for months, waiting for mortgage rates and prices to drop. But not everyone can wait forever; major life events like divorce and new jobs are bringing some buyers back to the market. And other buyers are jumping in because they want to relocate to somewhere more affordable.
  • Mortgage rates fell slightly at the end of October, which could have contributed to the uptick in pending sales as buyers went to lock in lower borrowing costs. Rates have fallen further this month, which means pending sales may post a bigger increase in November.

“I’ve had a lot of sellers reach out to me recently saying they’re ready to list their homes—a reversal from recent months,” said Heather Mahmood-Corley, a Redfin Premier real estate agent in Phoenix. “Everyone has a different reason for relocating. One of my sellers is moving because she wants to buy her father’s house and he’s giving her a deal, which helps offset the higher mortgage rate she’ll take on. Another is moving to Florida with her sister because her husband passed away; she built up a lot of equity, so is able to pay in cash. Other people are selling because they want to live somewhere more affordable.”

October 2023 Highlights: United States

October 2023 Month-Over-Month Change Year-Over-Year Change
Median sale price $413,874 0.5% 3.5%
Pending sales, seasonally adjusted 400,648 1.0% -4.8%
Homes sold, seasonally adjusted 398,537 -1.8% -12.5%
New listings, seasonally adjusted 487,401 -0.2% -4.5%
All homes for sale, seasonally adjusted (active listings) 1,412,404 1.4% -12.5%
Months of supply 2.7 0.1 -0.1
Median days on market 34 1 -1
Share of for-sale homes with a price drop 20.8% 2.4 ppts -0.9 ppts
Share of homes sold above final list price 31.6% -1.7 ppts 2.7 ppts
Average sale-to-final-list-price ratio 99.3% -0.2 ppts 0.5 ppts
Pending sales that fell out of contract, as % of overall pending sales 17.2% 1.2  ppts 0.6 ppts
Average 30-year fixed mortgage rate 7.62% 0.42 ppts

0.72 ppts

Note: Data is subject to revision

But Buyers Backed Out of Deals at the Highest Rate on Record

While pending sales have inched up in recent months, closed home sales have continued declining. In October, closed sales fell 1.8% from a month earlier and 12.5% from a year earlier, hitting the lowest level since the onset of the pandemic on a seasonally adjusted basis. That’s partly because many deals are falling through at the last minute. 

Roughly 54,000 U.S. home-purchase agreements were canceled in October, equal to 17.2% of homes that went under contract that month—the highest percentage in Redfin records that date back to 2017. That’s up from 16.1% one month earlier and 16.6% one year earlier.

Please note that homes that fell out of contract during a given month didn’t necessarily go under contract the same month. For example, a home that fell out of contract in October could have gone under contract in September.

“I’m seeing a lot of cold feet,” said Redfin Tampa Sales Manager Eric Auciello. “Home prices are high, mortgage rates are high and insurance costs are high, and when buyers see the final number, a lot of them are backing out.”

Some buyers are also walking away when sellers refuse to fix issues that come up during the inspection, according to Mahmood-Corley.

“Buyers want turnkey houses because everything is so expensive now, whereas in 2021 and 2022, they felt lucky to get any house,” she said. “And while I’m seeing more sellers in the market, they’re squirrely too. They’re backing out when they don’t get the price they want.”

The cancellation rate could tick down in November as buyers take advantage of the decline in mortgage rates. The average 30-year-fixed mortgage rate fell to 7.44% this week, the lowest level since September.

Scroll to the bottom of this report to find the deal cancellation rate for the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas, along with other local insights.

Home Prices Climbed 4% From a Year Earlier

The median U.S. home sale price rose 3.5% year over year to $413,874 in October and was up slightly (0.5%) from a month earlier. 

Prices were just 4.4% below their May 2022 record high of $432,732, in part because buyers are still competing for a limited number of homes, which is buoying prices; while listings have inched up in recent months, they remain historically low. 

Metro-Level Highlights: October 2023

Data in the bullets below came from a list of the 91 U.S. metro areas with populations of at least 750,000. Select metros may be excluded from time to time to ensure data accuracy. A full metro-level data table can be found in the “download” tab of the dashboard embedded below or in the monthly section of the Redfin Data Center. Refer to our metrics definition page for explanations of metrics used in this report. Metro-level data is not seasonally adjusted. 

Note: Sales and listings posted large year-over-year gains in coastal Florida metros including North Port and Cape Coral in part because Hurricane Ian slowed housing market activity in the fall of 2022.

  • Pending sales: In North Port, FL, pending sales rose 16.4% year over year, more than any other metro Redfin analyzed. Next came Dallas (10.9%) and Tampa, FL (8.8%). The biggest declines were in Greensboro, NC (-30.6%), Birmingham, AL (-24.3%) and Knoxville, TN (-24.2%).
  • Closed sales: Closed sales climbed from a year earlier in just five metros: Cape Coral, FL (27.3%), Salt Lake City (6.5%), North Port (5.8%), Milwaukee (1.8%) and McAllen, TX (1.5%). They fell most in Tacoma, WA (-27.4%), Oxnard, CA (-22.8%) and Frederick, MD (-20.4%).
  • Prices: Median sale prices rose most from a year earlier in Lake County, IL (16.4%), Newark, NJ (15.2%) and Camden, NJ (13.8%). They fell most in North Port (-8.2%), Austin, TX (-6.5%) and Honolulu (-4.3%).
  • Listings: New listings rose most from a year earlier in Cape Coral (77.3%), North Port (47.3%) and McAllen (15.6%). They fell most in Tacoma (-21.6%), Atlanta (-20.8%) and Portland, OR (-19.6%).
  • Supply: Active listings increased fastest in Cape Coral (40.4%), North Port (35.3%) and New Orleans (24.5%). They decreased fastest in Las Vegas (-39.5%), Stockton, CA (-34.6%) and Tacoma (-31.2%). 
  • Competition: In Rochester, NY, 72.2% of homes sold above their final list price, the highest share among the metros Redfin analyzed. Next came Buffalo, NY (65.5%) and Newark (64.4%). The shares were lowest in North Port (8.1%), Cape Coral (10.1%) and West Palm Beach, FL (11.2%).
  • Speed: In Rochester, 74.4% of homes that went under contract did so within two weeks—the highest share among the metros Redfin analyzed. Next came Buffalo (63.9%) and Grand Rapids, MI (61.4%). The lowest shares were in Honolulu (4.9%), Chicago (11.8%) and Lake County (12.3%).

Home-Purchase Cancellations

Data below came from a list of the 50 most populous metro areas. Please note that homes that fell out of contract during a given month didn’t necessarily go under contract the same month. For example, a home that fell out of contract in September could have gone under contract in August.

Metro Area October 2023: Pending Sales That Fell Out of Contract, as % of Overall Pending Sales September 2023: Pending Sales That Fell Out of Contract, as % of Overall Pending Sales October 2022: Pending Sales That Fell Out of Contract, as % of Overall Pending Sales
Anaheim, CA 15.5% 14.3% 18.2%
Atlanta, GA 24.6% 24.4% 27.8%
Austin, TX 14.8% 14.4% 22.0%
Baltimore, MD 13.8% 13.8% 14.6%
Boston, MA 10.8% 10.9% 12.1%
Charlotte, NC 13.1% 12.5% 16.1%
Chicago, IL 18.6% 17.7% 16.9%
Cincinnati, OH 14.9% 12.8% 13.4%
Cleveland, OH 19.1% 19.2% 17.8%
Columbus, OH 17.4% 16.1% 17.3%
Dallas, TX 19.2% 19.9% 22.0%
Denver, CO 20.4% 19.3% 20.2%
Detroit, MI 17.8% 17.7% 16.2%
Fort Lauderdale, FL 23.4% 21.3% 22.0%
Fort Worth, TX 23.6% 20.7% 22.5%
Houston, TX 21.9% 19.3% 21.9%
Indianapolis, IN 19.1% 17.2% 20.4%
Jacksonville, FL 25.3% 23.5% 30.2%
Kansas City, MO 17.1% 14.9% 16.7%
Las Vegas, NV 22.6% 20.3% 23.0%
Los Angeles, CA 17.4% 16.7% 17.9%
Miami, FL 19.1% 19.5% 19.7%
Milwaukee, WI 11.4% 10.3% 11.5%
Minneapolis, MN 12.0% 10.5% 11.8%
Montgomery County, PA 7.7% 7.0% 9.2%
Nashville, TN 18.5% 14.7% 20.6%
Nassau County, NY 6.6% 5.7% 7.7%
New Brunswick, NJ 13.7% 9.9% 14.2%
New York, NY 10.6% 10.4% 9.0%
Newark, NJ 11.4% 9.5% 11.7%
Oakland, CA 9.9% 8.9% 11.2%
Orlando, FL 23.7% 23.3% 24.0%
Philadelphia, PA 13.2% 13.4% 13.5%
Phoenix, AZ 20.5% 19.3% 23.8%
Pittsburgh, PA 18.1% 16.2% 16.6%
Portland, OR 16.2% 16.0% 16.7%
Providence, RI 14.0% 13.6% 14.3%
Riverside, CA 21.4% 20.0% 20.5%
Sacramento, CA 19.5% 14.8% 16.3%
San Antonio, TX 20.2% 20.7% 24.0%
San Diego, CA 17.0% 15.4% 18.5%
San Francisco, CA 6.1% 4.7% 6.0%
San Jose, CA 8.5% 6.0% 8.0%
Seattle, WA 12.2% 9.8% 11.1%
St. Louis, MO 14.9% 14.3% 15.8%
Tampa, FL 22.1% 22.3% 26.1%
Virginia Beach, VA 17.6% 16.0% 14.9%
Warren, MI 13.8% 13.5% 13.1%
Washington, DC 12.9% 11.8% 13.1%
West Palm Beach, FL 18.1% 19.4% 21.7%
National—U.S.A. 17.2% 16.1% 16.6%

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